Does Nexplanon Help with Ovarian Cysts?

Does Nexplanon Help with Ovarian Cysts

Nexplanon is a birth control implant inserted under the skin of the upper arm. It works by releasing hormones into the body, primarily progesterone, to prevent pregnancy.

However, many women wonder if Nexplanon can also help with other reproductive health issues such as ovarian cysts.

In this article, we will explore the relationship between Nexplanon and ovarian cysts.

Understanding Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluid that form on the ovaries. They are a common condition and usually do not cause any symptoms or require treatment.

However, in some cases, ovarian cysts can become larger and cause pain or discomfort. They may also lead to complications such as rupture or torsion (twisting).

Some types of ovarian cysts, such as functional cysts, may be caused by hormonal imbalances. This is where Nexplanon may come into play.

Causes and Risk Factors

As mentioned earlier, hormonal imbalances can contribute to the development of ovarian cysts. Other potential causes and risk factors include:

1. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

2. Endometriosis

3. Pregnancy

4. Pelvic infections

5. Previous history of ovarian cysts

Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts

While most ovarian cysts are asymptomatic, larger or more complex cysts may cause the following symptoms:

1. Abdominal pain or bloating

2. Pelvic pressure or fullness

3. Changes in menstrual cycle (e.g. irregular periods)

4. Painful intercourse

5. Nausea and vomiting

Introduction to Nexplanon

Nexplanon is a contraceptive method with more than 99% efficacy in preventing pregnancy. It is a small, flexible rod that contains the hormone etonogestrel.

Once inserted under the skin of the upper arm, it releases a steady dose of hormones for up to three years.

Nexplanon works by preventing ovulation, thickening the cervical mucus, and thinning the lining of the uterus to make it difficult for sperm to reach an egg.

Benefits of Nexplanon

Aside from its primary function as a birth control method, Nexplanon may also have other health benefits. Some women may experience:

1. Lighter and more regular periods

2. Reduced menstrual cramps

3. Decreased risk of certain reproductive cancers (e.g. endometrial cancer)

4. Improved acne symptoms

Can Nexplanon Help with Ovarian Cysts?

Can Nexplanon Help with Ovarian Cysts?

The short answer is yes, Nexplanon may help with ovarian cysts. As mentioned earlier, hormonal imbalances can contribute to the development of ovarian cysts.

Nexplanon releases a steady dose of progesterone into the body, which can help regulate hormone levels and potentially prevent the formation of certain types of ovarian cysts.

Furthermore, because Nexplanon prevents ovulation, it can also decrease the risk of functional cysts forming during the menstrual cycle.

However, it is worth noting that Nexplanon may not be effective in treating existing ovarian cysts.

Pros of Using Nexplanon

1. Regulates Hormones: By releasing a steady dose of progesterone, Nexplanon can help regulate hormonal imbalances, which is a key factor in the development of certain types of ovarian cysts.

2. Prevents Ovulation: Since Nexplanon effectively prevents ovulation, the chance of forming functional cysts, which are directly related to the menstrual cycle, is significantly reduced.

3. Long-term Solution: Nexplanon offers up to three years of continuous birth control, providing a long-term strategy for those looking to manage the risk of developing ovarian cysts.

4. Non-invasive: Unlike surgical options for managing ovarian cysts, Nexplanon is less invasive, requiring only a small procedure for insertion and removal.

5. Added Health Benefits: Beyond managing ovarian cysts, Nexplanon provides additional health benefits such as lighter periods, reduced menstrual cramps, and a decreased risk of certain reproductive cancers, making it an appealing option for overall reproductive health.

Cons of Using Nexplanon

While Nexplanon offers several advantages in managing ovarian cysts and providing effective birth control, it is essential to acknowledge potential drawbacks, especially when considering it primarily for ovarian cyst management:

1. Not Specifically Designed for Ovarian Cysts: Nexplanon is primarily a birth control method and is not marketed or designed specifically to treat ovarian cysts. Its effects on ovarian cysts are ancillary to its main purpose.

2. May Not Resolve Existing Cysts: Nexplanon may help prevent the formation of new functional ovarian cysts but may not necessarily resolve any existing cysts.

3. Possible Side Effects: Like any hormonal treatment, Nexplanon can have side effects, including irregular bleeding, mood changes, weight gain, and others that some users may find uncomfortable or intolerable.

4. Requires Medical Procedure for Insertion and Removal: Although minimally invasive, the insertion and removal of Nexplanon require a medical procedure by a trained healthcare provider, which might be a barrier for some individuals.

5. Doesn’t Address Underlying Causes: For ovarian cysts resulting from conditions like PCOS or endometriosis, Nexplanon does not treat the underlying cause but rather may temporarily mitigate one of the symptoms or consequences.

6. Not Suitable for Everyone: Certain health conditions may preclude some individuals from being able to use Nexplanon safely, limiting its applicability as a universal option for ovarian cyst management.

Also Read: Why Is My Nexplanon Causing Pain Months After Insertion?

Consult with Your Doctor

Before deciding whether Nexplanon is the right contraceptive method for you, especially for its potential benefits regarding ovarian cysts, it’s crucial to have a detailed discussion with your healthcare provider. Here are several key points to consider:

1. Discuss Your Medical History: Share your complete medical history with your doctor, including any history of ovarian cysts, to determine if Nexplanon is suitable for your specific condition.

2. Understand the Risks and Benefits: Ask your doctor to explain the potential risks and benefits of using Nexplanon, not only as a birth control method but also in the context of managing ovarian cysts.

3. Consider Other Health Conditions: Make sure to discuss any other health conditions you have, as they might impact the effectiveness or advisability of Nexplanon.

4. Review Other Medications: Inform your doctor about any other medications you are currently taking, as they might interact with Nexplanon.

5. Ask About Side Effects: Inquire about the possible side effects of Nexplanon and what to do if you experience them.

6. Discuss Alternatives: If Nexplanon doesn’t seem like the right fit for you, ask your doctor about alternative contraceptive methods or treatments for managing ovarian cysts.

Alternative Treatment Options

If Nexplanon is not the right fit for you, there are alternative treatment options available for managing ovarian cysts. These include:

1. Birth Control Pills: Oral contraceptives are often prescribed to women not seeking pregnancy, as they can prevent the formation of new cysts by suppressing ovulation.

2. Surgical Procedures: In cases where ovarian cysts are large, painful, or suspected to be cancerous, surgical intervention may be necessary. Options include cystectomy to remove the cyst or oophorectomy to remove the affected ovary.

3. Watchful Waiting: For smaller, non-symptomatic cysts, a watchful waiting approach may be recommended. Regular follow-ups with ultrasound scans are used to monitor the cysts for any changes.

4. Pain Management: Over-the-counter pain relievers and specific lifestyle adjustments can help manage the discomfort associated with ovarian cysts.

5. Hormone Therapy: For cysts related to hormonal imbalances, hormone therapy may be considered to help balance hormone levels and reduce the risk of future cysts.


While Nexplanon may offer several advantages in managing ovarian cysts, it is crucial to consult with your doctor to determine if it is the right option for you.

Other alternative treatment options are available and should be discussed thoroughly to find the best approach for managing your specific condition.

Key Takeaways

  • Nexplanon is an effective contraceptive method that may also help prevent the formation of new functional ovarian cysts.
  • It offers long-term birth control, minimal invasiveness, and additional health benefits.
  • However, it is primarily a birth control method and may not resolve existing cysts or address underlying causes.
  • Consult with your doctor to discuss your medical history, understand the risks and benefits, and explore alternative treatment options.
  • Other treatment options for ovarian cysts include birth control pills, surgical procedures, watchful waiting, pain management, and hormone therapy.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can Nexplanon eliminate existing ovarian cysts?

No, Nexplanon is primarily a birth control method and may not resolve existing ovarian cysts. It may help prevent new functional ovarian cysts from forming.

How quickly can Nexplanon affect ovarian cysts?

The effects of Nexplanon on ovarian cysts may vary from person to person. It may take a few months for its contraceptive effects to kick in and potentially prevent the formation of new functional ovarian cysts.

Can you get ovarian cysts with Nexplanon?

Yes, you can still develop ovarian cysts while using Nexplanon. However, it may help prevent the formation of new functional ovarian cysts.

Does Nexplanon treat PCOS or endometriosis?

No, Nexplanon does not treat the underlying causes of ovarian cysts related to PCOS or endometriosis. It may temporarily mitigate one of their symptoms or consequences, but it should not be used as a treatment for these conditions.

Do birth control pills shrink ovarian cysts?

Yes, oral contraceptives can prevent the formation of new cysts by suppressing ovulation, potentially shrinking existing ovarian cysts.

However, they should not be used as a treatment for existing cysts without consulting with a doctor first.

Useful Resources

WebMD- Nexplanon Implant

Cleveland Clinic- Ovarian Cysts

Healthline- All About Nexplanon


The content of this article is provided for informational purposes only and should not be considered a replacement for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. It is important to seek professional medical advice and not disregard it or delay seeking it based on the information read here. While we strive to provide accurate and reliable information, we cannot guarantee its completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability, or availability for any purpose. Using the information in this document is your responsibility and carries inherent risks. We are not liable for any losses or damages resulting from the use of our content.


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